The Pinarbasi Cave is in Pinarbasi Village located at south-west part of Kizilova Pole at the south of Beysehir Lake. The cave is mostly horizontal. A karstic spring is discharged from the cave. There are many lakes and siphons in the cave. There are many lakes and siphons in the cave. On the other hand cave is very rich of dripstone formations.
BÜYÜK DÜDEN CAVE
The cave is in Derebucak district of Konya Province. It is at the 18th km. in the direction of Ibradi from Derebucak after Konya-Beysehir-Derebucak road, and it is situated at the west side of Kembos Plain.
Kembos Plain with a width of 1km and a length of 15km drains the snow water melting in the spring and especially the water accumulated here via Uzunsu Creek by means of Feyzullah sinkhole, another chasm. Water sinking from these points is added to Manavgat Creek by passing through Altinbesik Düdensuyu Cave. Although the cave does not have a touristy importance, it is important regarding the speleological aspect. There exists numerous lakes, big halls and siphons in this sinkhole which has a length of 714 meters.
FEYZULLAH DÜDENI (SINKHOLE)
That sinkhole is very close to Derebucak Village of Beysehir Town. That active sinkhole drained Gembos Pole at spring seasons.
It is situated at Göksu Valley which is near the ayani underground water system. It is opened to outside with many inlets. The hall is reached through a active gallery of 100 meters from the lower inlet or by walking for 75 meters from the upper fossil dry inlet. The hall begins with a travertine offering an extraordinary beauty and functioning as a bridge on the underground creek. The base of the hall, which has a height of 60 meters and a length of 70 meters, is covered with a ther Göksu under the travertine formations of the area is 500m. long and where the water sinks the cave ends with a siphon. At the exit mouth of the cave, a part of Göksu river comes out of the cave. While it makes a marvelous natural miracle and Göksu river than continues rest its with deep and blue lakes.
It is situated at Ballica village which is about 5km. away from the district of Pazar town of the province of Tokat.
The cave is located on the side of Indere valley and starts with a fossil opening at the height of 1180 meters. General morphologic constitution shows large halls created as a result of collapses and connected to each other with passages. Especially at the hall with bats and the hall following, the floor of the halls are not clear because of guano which covers the collapsed blocks. In order to be able reach to these halls, vertical speology techniques must be used (there are 10m. and 7m. length descents).
Inside the cave which has almost completed its development process and especially at the large hall there are many interesting structures such as columns with lengths over 10 meters, travertines with like mushroom caps, and what is more important are the onion like structures with sizes starting from 30cm up to 7 meters. Furthermore, a very spread bat population could be seen. On the other hand, the entrance of the cave is not protected by any way and means and so necessary action must be taken for proper protection against any harm which could come from people around or people visiting the place.
It is situated on the road at Üzülmez district at the 4th km. of Zonguldak way of Zonguldak-Ankara highway. Water coming out of the cave drains into the Üzülmez Creek.
It is entered out of a huge fossil inlet through the rock blocks. The siphon is reached after 250 meters by walking. Although the siphon has a length of 10 meters, it can be passed especially in summer. After this point, the cave continues as two branches in the direction of water entrance along with the extremely beautiful formations. The cave continuing for 1200 meters and ends with a sediment filling. (The port after this point is not known, yet.)
While the creeks and inner lakes are passed easily by walking, sudden flood occurs during big rains.
KIZIL ELMA CAVE
The cave which is situated in Kizil Elma quarter of Ayiçi Village of Gelik District of Zonguldak Province can easily be reached by cars.
Water of Aydin Creek and Büyük Ay Creek sinks at the active inlet. The cave is entered through the fossil inlet (30x10m.) located at the upper part, and after 100 meters water is met. The cave continue horizontally together with the water. After the first 100 meters, it is possible to go by creeping for 400 meters, a siphon of 10 meters exists. This siphon can be passed in the Autumn. The gallery in the cave has great dimensions after the siphon. At the 3200th m. of the cave which continues as a single active gallery basically, there is a chimney with the height of 80 meters which is enough to illuminate the lake at the base. The cave continuing 3 kms along with the lakes ends with the 2nd siphon. The researches related with some branches and the last siphon in the cave has not been concluded, yet. It has been determined via the researches carried out by paint experiments that the sunk water appears in Cumayani Cave after 2 kms. Thus, the total length of the underground system (Kizilelma-Cumayani) reaches to 10kms. Once, it was the longest cave system of Turkey. However, when it has been discovered that Pinargözü Cave has a length of 12 kms in 1991, this cave has been placed in the 2nd order. Its siphons, areas of cripping, lakes and funnel of 80 meters are the characteristics, or perhaps the most exciting aspects of the cave. As there is a danger of flood in the rainy periods, the season and the weather forecast should be taken into consideration while entering the cave.
It is situated in Cumayani quarter at 3 kms. distance from Çatalagzi district of Zonguldak province. It forms the outlet of Kizilelma-Cumayani underground water system. It is opened to outside with many inlets. The hall is reached through a active gallery of 100 meters from the lower inlet or by walking for 75 meters from the upper fossil dry inlet. The hall begins with a travertine offering an extraordinary beauty and functioning as a bridge on the underground creek. The base of the hall, which has a height of 60 meters and a length of 70 meters, is covered with a thick sand layer and ends with a siphon. Upon going in the direction of water entrance to the left of the travertine, the siphon is reached in the direction of Kizilelma Cave. A boat is necessary in this gallery.
As flood occurs in the rainy periods or at the times of a sudden rain, there exists a danger of life. Because of this, one should be careful.
It is at 1km. distance from Çayirköy which is 3kms. north of Güdüllü Village at the 10th km. of Zonguldak-Çaycuma road.
Sofular and Egridere streams sinks at Çayirköy Cave inlet, continues underground for 1004 meters and drains from Çayirköy. The inlet begins with a vertical fall of approximately 30 meters and then reaches to the siphon. The siphon can hardly be passed at the times when the water level is low. After this point, the cave continues horizontally together with the lakes, and there exists a deep lake at the end of it.
It is a cave situated in the city of Zonguldak province at the sea coast at the 15th km of Kilimli road.The entry to the cave with a total length of 800m is made from the fossil inlet facing the sea. After a hole one man can hardly pass at the 50th meter it continues sporadically with fossils and rich formations and sporadically with an underground creek. There exists a siphon at the 400th meter, and it can be distinguished by walking in the period when water is drawn. From here, it ends with the siphon after 400 meters.
Mencilis cave is near Bulak village of Karabük town of Zonguldak city. It takes probably 1 hour from village to the cave by walking. The cave has two entrance. The first of them has water discharge and ends with a siphon 30m beyond cave entrance. The second entrance is on the neighbor gorge of the camp place and that part is inactive. Mencilis cave whose total length is 2725m has four vertical pit which are 3,5,11 and 15m. in deep. Inactive section has a main and a secondary passage which called "Fareli Kol". To be reached to the active passage after descending 11m pit. The most beautiful part of cave is in that part. The delicate travertine formations of upstream hall and the 15m high downstream cascade are worth to be seen.
Hizar cave is close to Safranbolu town of Zonguldak city. It is a horizontal and inactive cave. It has a big entrance and a big channel which has three passage. There is a lake shape siphon at the secondary passage of the first passage.
There is a water discharge from a siphon which is at 50m down altitude from cave entrance. It is jointed to that part with a vertical pit.
CAVES FORESEEN TO BE EVALUATED IN TOURISM ACTIVITIES
As a result of a research made by the Ministry of Tourism, studies have been carried on the caves in the Mediterranean and Aegean sea costs and sketches have been made out.
These caves have been evaluated within the frame of closeness to heavy tourism centres, within daily trip distances (places which could be reached within two hours), having interesting morphological conditions and the conditions of road and transportation. Within these evaluations, the caves which carry the required qualifications are as listed below: