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Division of Beliefs

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Beliefs in Turkey

Islamic Religion

Islam

Islam in Turkey

Mosques

Christian Religion
Armenian Community
Greek Orthodox Community
"Suryani" Community
Catholic Community
Protestant Community
Churches
Jewish Religion
Jewish Community
 Synagogues

 

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The Division Of Beliefs 

Turkey, because of its location, has been a crossroad of many different civilizations of different religions. Turkey's land has housed the biggest Christian and Moslem civilizations in the history. The reflections that came through this hundreds of years still do remain . The current Turkish population is mainly a mixture of Turks, Kurds, Balkan People, Caucasians, Greeks and Armenians

Moslem

The Moslem religion mainly has three different styles ,in Turkey. The style where most of the people (nearly %80) believe in is the "Sunni" belief which is a mild type of Islam. The second type is the "Alevi" belief. This style has different peculiarities in its self and the main difference from the Sunni belief is the special value of Caliph Ali and his followers. Nearly 18% percent of the Moslems are Alevis. The third main style is the "Sii" belief that is similar to the Alevi belief in many thoughts but could be seen as stricter style. 

Although it is not a style of belief but a sect, "Beltasilik" is also widely believed among the Moslems in Turkey.  It could be seen as a similar style of Alevi belief. Islam...

Christians

According the current numbers the main Christian population in Turkey is the Armenian community. The Armenians do divide in three styles. The Catholic , Protestant and Gregorian Armenians. The main community is the Gregorian church which is directed by the Armenian Patriarch in Istanbul. The Patrick Mutafyan who is elected in 1998, is connected to the main Gregorian Church  Echmiadzin in  Armenia.

  Armenian Church...

 

The second Christian Population is the Greek Orthodox Community. There are five main Orthodox church communities in the world. They are Istanbul, Rome, İskenderiye, Antioch, and Jerusalem. The Patriarch in Istanbul is seen as the major within these five and uses the "ecumenical" name which means home in Greek and covers the whole world. The Istanbul Greek Orthodox Patriarch is leading the Orthodox churches in the United States, South America, Australia, Crete and 12 island of Greece. The Patrick is Bartalemeos who is elected in 1991. In 1999, The president of the United States Bill Clinton and his family has visited the Patriarch.

Greek Orthodox Church

 

The third Christian Community is the Suryani Community. Their center is Syria and mostly they live in the areas of Mardin and Urfa which is near to the Syrian Border. They have many churches and monasteries in the area which is also very much worth to see in means of historical value.

The fourth Christian Community is the Catholic Community. They are connected to Church in Istanbul leaded by apostolic Vikerya which is assigned by the Pope in Vatican. 

Additionally there are also some Protestants and  missioner groups spread all over Turkey. 

In total there are about 300 hundred churches in Turkey that belong to these communities.    

Catholic Church

 

Jewish Community    

Historically, Ottomans later the Turks have always been close relations. The Jewish people living in Turkey are either Jews living since the Byzantine times in Anatolia which are called Romanyoks, Sefarats which have been immigrated from Spain in 1492 to the Ottomans or Askenazs which immigrated from the European countries in later times. Many Jewish people are active in the Turkish business life and economy in means of production, handling goods or sales. They do have their own synagogues, news papers (Shalom Paper) and schools.