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Afyon-Kutahya-Usak

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Afyon

Kutahya

Usak

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Turkish Delight, Sucuk

 

Afyon : The 226-meter-high Afyon citadel dates back to 1350 B.C. and is ascended by means of stairs carved out of rock. It was used by Hittites and Phrygians. There are remains of a temple dedicated to the goddess Cybele near the citadel. The Archaeological Museum and the War of Independence Memorial underline Afyon's place in history. Monumental bas-reliefs, a legacy of the Phrygian Kingdom, are carved into rock faces on hills north of the city. Aslantas is the largest. At Aslankaya, lion reliefs are engraved into the sides of the rock.


The Acik Hava Muzesi (Open-Air Museum) is near the north entrance of the town of Dinar, 100 km south of Afyon. This is the site of the mythical music contest between Apollo and Marsyas (Pan). Byzantine and Roman gravestones, inscriptions and statues can be seen here.

Seramic Tiles

Kutahya is one of the oldest Turkish cities, with many old Turkish traditions still being practiced today. It is home to important Ottoman architectural monuments, including a castle, mosques, medreses, baths, complexes, mausoleums, and mansions. One of the finest mosques is the 14th century Ulu Mosque. Kutahya Castle offers a wonderful, panoramic view of the old town on the western side of the city. The Kutahya Archaeology Museum was a medrese in the 14th century that now displays ethnographia, Roman and Byzantine relics, and Iznik and Kutahya tiles from Ottoman times. Lajos Kossuth, the 19th century Hungarian hero, lived with his family in what is now the Kossuth House Museum, where relics and documents related to Kossuth are now displayed.


The kilns of Kutahya produced exquisite ceramics in the 16th and 17th centuries, a craft which lives on today. You can visit the workshops where skilled artisans produce tiles, plates and bowls renowned for their cobalt blue patterns on a milky white background.

 

Southwest of Kutahya is the Roman town of Cavdarhisar (Aizanoi) where a theater, stadium and the Temple of Zeus remain. In the same direction, Murat Mountain offers camping facilities and hot springs amid delightful scenery. Near Dumlupinar are the Baskomutan National Park and the War of independence memorials.

 

Karum Treasuries, Carpets

 

Usak : Historically, Usak was an important carpet weaving center, a role it continues to play today. Tourists find the Archaeology Museum informative and interesting. The world-famous treasures of Karum are displayed at the Usak Archaeological Museum. The Kaftanci House Museum, together with the Ataturk Ethnography Museum, displays plays wonderful Usak carpets and kilims in Ataturk's former residence.