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Pergamon

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Altar von Pergamon
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bergama , Pergamon

 

Bergama (Pergamum or Pergamon), once a great center of culture, survives as one of Turkey's finest archAeological sites. In the Acropolis, above the modern town, are the remains of the celebrated library, a steep and impressive theatre, the temples of Trajan and Dionysus, the monumental altar of Zeus, the sanctuary of Demeter, a gymnasium laid out on three terraces and the Agora. The Asclepion, located to the southwest of the lower city, was a sanctuary dedicated to the god of health, Asclepics. In town is the Archaeological and Ethnographical Museum and nearby is the site of a temple dedicated to Serapis, the god of the lower world who was also worshiped in Egypt as Osiris. The temple was subsequently converted by the Byzantines into a basilica.

 

One of the important historical cities in the Aegean Region is Bergama (Pergamum). The Asclepion, which was one of the largest hospitals in history, is located to the west of the city, which was a great center of culture, art and medicine. Snake reliefs, which were the symbol of Asclepius and later would become the symbol of medical science, are carved at the entrance to the hospital, constructed on behalf of Asclepius, the god of health. Galen of Pergamum, the famous medical scientist, also worked here. The important architectural monuments of Pergamum are located on the acropolis to the east of the town. The famous 200,000 book library, the Temples of Athena and Trajan, the steepest amphitheater in the world and the foundations of the Altar of Zeus, which are among the art wonders of the world, are here (today, all of this magnificent altar is at the Bergama Museum in Berlin).