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Climate of Turkey

Although Turkey is situated in a geographical location where climatic conditions are quite temperate, the diverse nature of the landscape, and the existence in particular of the mountains that run parallel to the coasts, result in significant differences in climatic conditions from one region to the other. While the coastal regions enjoy milder climates, the inland Anatolia plateau experiences hot summers and cold winters with limited rainfall. 

 

Because of Turkey's geographical conditions, one can not speak about a general overall climate. In Istanbul and around the sea of Marmara (Marmara region) the climate is moderate (winter 4 deg.C and summer 27 deg.C); in winter the temperature can drop below zero. In Western Anatolia (Aegean region) there is a mild Mediterranean climate with average temperatures of 9 deg.C in winter and 29 deg.C in summer. On the southern coast of Anatolia (Mediterranean region) the same climate can be found. The climate of the Anatolian Plateau (Central Anatolian region) is a steppe climate (there is a great temperature difference between day and night). Rainfall is low and there is more snow. The average temperature is 23 deg.C in summer and -2 deg.C in winter. The climate in the Black Sea area (Black Sea region) is wet, warm and humid (summer 23 deg.C, winter 7 deg.C). In Eastern Anatolia and South-Eastern Anatolia there is a long hard winter, where year after year snow lies on the ground from November until the end of April (the average temperature in winter is -13 deg.C and in summer 17 deg.C).

 

Season and Climate in Turkey Turkey is a year-round destination depending on your itinerary. Although the tourist "high season" (with associated higher rates) is from mid-June through mid-September, Spring and Fall are the best seasons to travel. The sun is warm and skies are generally clear. You can expect mild to warm temperatures and some rain during this time. 


What is the best time for traveling to Turkey ...

Below a chart of the best time to travel is summarized based on climate(Swimming,Touring) and rates (High, Low season).You could contact our free assistance service to have more and specific  information.       


Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean Coasts: 

These coasts have a typical Mediterranean climate with hot summers and mild winters. The swimming season becomes shorter as one travels north. Because of the mountains, the east side of the Aegean and the North side of the Mediterranean could have regionally different climate...

 

Marmara and North Aegean : 

South Aegean and Mediterranean:

Swimming : June to September. Swimming : April to October
Touring : March to November. Touring : All year round, July-August is not recommended as it may be too hot (40 Celsius) 
The High Season : Mid March-Mid November .  The High Season : June-August ;  

Mid Season : May, June and September ;   

Low Season: March, April and October . 

! Many Resorts on the coasts are closed from mid October to end of March.     

 


Black Sea Coast:

Temperate climate with warm summers, mild winters and relatively high rainfall.

Swimming : July and August .

Touring : April to September.

The High Season : July and August ; Mid Season : April-May-June-September October  


Central Anatolia:

These areas have a steppe climate with hot, dry summers and cold winters.

Swimming possible in pools of hotels : June to August .

Touring : March to November .

The High Season : April to October  


Eastern Anatolia:

Long snowy, very cold and hard winters with hot summers.

Touring : March to November .

The High Season : April to October  


Southeast Anatolia:

These areas have a very hot summer with cold winters.

Touring : March to November .

The High Season : April to October 


 

  Average Temperatures for Major Regions (IN CELSIUS)

 

Jan

Feb

Mar

Apr

May

Jun

Jul

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

ANTALYA (South)

10

11

13

16

20

25

28

28

25

20

15

12

IZMIR (West)

9

10

11

16

20

25

28

27

23

18

15

10

ISTANBUL (Northeast)

5

6

7

12

16

21

23

23

20

16

12

8

TRABZON (North)

6

6

7

11

15

20

22

22

19

15

12

9

ANKARA (Central)

0

1

5

11

16

20

23

23

18

13

8

2

ERZURUM (East)

-9

-7

-3

5

11

15

19

20

15

9

2

-5

DIYARBAKIR (Southeast)

2

2

8

14

19

26

31

31

25

17

10

4

 


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